Peanut butter and chocolate, or fresh-picked strawberries and whipped cream. Sometimes, the sweetest treats in life are the simplest. Few desserts showcase that better than affogato, an effortless marriage of two of Italy’s finest exports, espresso and gelato.
“The milk protein binds with the tannins of the coffee and so the coffee becomes less bitter, and this rich, toasty pairing transpires,” said Stephanie Reitano, who’s been serving affogato for more than 15 years as owner and chef at Philadelphia’s Capogiro and Capofitto. “It’s an ideal match when it comes to a taste experience.”
Affogato comes from the Italian affogare, “to drown”, a reference to the submerging of cold gelato in a shot or two of hot espresso. In Italy, the term extends to any form of ice cream drowned by another ingredient, whether a chocolate sauce or amarena cherries or hot cocoa.
“We already had sundaes in the US, so here the word is typically just reserved for an affogato café,” Reitano said.
Take note, however, that it’s often seasonal, especially at cafes where ice cream or gelato aren’t a regular offering but sourced specifically for the summery treat.
Tips for a good affogato
Winter, spring, summer, or fall, whipping up affogatos at home is always an option, and it’s easy.
Classically, it’s made with one small, tightly packed scoop of vanilla, fior di latte, or hazelnut gelato paired with a double shot of espresso.
“The fat content of gelato is very low compared to ice cream. It doesn’t get in the way of tasting all of the milk and sugar flavors, or mask all of those rich notes of the coffee,” Reitano said. “But, honestly, if you invest in a quality ice cream, that will work, too.”
If you do use ice cream, Reitano suggests allowing it to sit on the counter for 10 to 15 minutes, until it’s easy to scoop, because ice cream is naturally colder than gelato straight out of the freezer. Don’t pour the espresso directly from your espresso maker – put the double shot in a cup and then add it immediately before serving.
“The timing is everything with affogatos,” Reitano said.
It’s also crucial to chill the serving glass to avoid ending up with a watered-down, milky espresso rather than a dessert to be enjoyed by the spoonful.